Country Report: Mexico
by Andrew Sia

Mexico has been on President Trump’s hit list with his threat to build a wall between the country and the U.S. He also promised to dismantle NAFTA in an effort to protect U.S. workers. These promises, which were first made during his presidential campaign, are now facing challenges from within his own party, not to mention from Democrats.

I thought it would be good to feature Mexico in our next report as it’s one of the most important production bases in Latin America. I still consider it one of the better countries to carry out apparel production and certainly intimate apparel is one category where the skills needed to produce could be found here.

Introduction:
Brief history

Mexico was a site of advanced civilizations. The Mayans, who were agricultural people, moved up from the Yucatan and built huge stone pyramids and invented the Mayan calendar.

Mexico was inhabited by many of the Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya and Aztec before the arrival of the Europeans.

  • The earliest human artifacts are chips of stone tools found near campfire remains in the Valley of Mexico, which were radiocarbon-dated to circa 10,000 years ago.
  • In 5000 BC an agricultural society began that supplemented hunting.
  • Around 1500 BC, the earliest civilization in Mexico was the Olmec culture. The Olmec culture spread throughout Mexico into other formative-era cultures such as Chiapas, Oaxaca and the Valley of Mexico. This included the spread of distinct religious and symbolic traditions, and also artistic and architectural complexes. This formative era of Mesoamerica is considered one of the six independent cradles of civilization.
  • During the post-classic period, circa 1000-1519 AD Central Mexico was dominated by the Toltec culture.
  • The Aztec empire did not exert supreme authority over conquered lands. It built a tributary empire covering most of central Mexico and received tributes from the others. The Aztec were noted for practicing human sacrifice on a large scale but avoided killing enemies on the battlefield. This ended with the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.
  • The Spanish first learned of Mexico during Juan de Grijalva’s expedition in 1518. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began in February 1519 when Hernán Cortés arrived at the port of Veracruz with 500 conquistadores. After gaining control of the city he moved to the Aztec capital in search of gold and later decided to conquer the Aztec empire.
  • The Spaniards arrived and brought the first smallpox epidemic, which killed the Aztec king and 3 million natives. The Spaniards were spared as they had been exposed to the disease for centuries and had developed immunity to it.
  • The Aztecs began to believe the epidemic was a punishment from an angry god. This led them to accept their fate and they no longer resisted the invaders. Their belief in the “superiority” of the Christian god resulted in the Aztecs accepting Catholicism and yielding to Spanish rule throughout Mexico…

Access the complete version of this article and much more when you subscribe to the Intimate Apparel Journal, your go-to source for the latest in intimate apparel fashion design, engineering and construction methods.

Subscribe Now!

Leave a Reply